By 1760 there had been ____ (1 point) uprisings aimed at overthrowing the ________________ (1 point) of one or more colonies. There were also ______ black rebellions from South Carolina to New York.
Who were the local “elites”? Give three examples (3 points)
____________ (1 point) made some colonists restless, even rebellious. In the countryside, where most people lived, poor and rich came into conflict.
From the 1740s to the 1760s, tenants rioted and rebelled against _______________(1 point) in New York and New Jersey.
The ______________ (1 point) of 1765 taxed the colonists to pay for the Seven Years’ War. Crowds destroyed the homes of rich merchants and of __________________(1 point). They smashed his house with axes and drank his wine and carried off his furniture and other belongings.
A group of Boston merchants, worried that the anger would be turned on them, formed a political group called the _________________ (1 point). They belonged to the upper and middle classes but they encouraged lower-class people such as shipworkers, apprentices, and craftsmen to join their protest.
As time went on, feelings against the British grew stronger. On March ____________(1 point), conflict between local workers and British soldiers broke into tumult called the ______________ (1 point).
Soldiers fired their guns at a crowd of demonstrators. They killed a mixed-race worker named ________________ (1 point) and others.
Colonial anger did not go away. One action against the British was to protest a tax on tea. This event was known as the _________________ (1 point)of 1773. A group of colonists seized cargo from a British ship and dumped it into __________ (1 point) harbor.
Britain’s response was a set of new, stricter laws. They closed the ___________ (1 point) in Boston, broke up colonial government, and sent in ______________ (1 point) . Colonists held mass meetings of protest.
In 1776, ____________________ (1 point) published a pamphlet, or short book called __________________________ (1 point). It boldly made the claim that the colonists should be free of British control. It was the most popular pamphlet in colonial America.
The first military clash between the colonists and British troops came at _______________( 1 point) and Concord in April 1775.
Congress adopted Thomas Jefferson’s _________________________ (1 point) on July 2, 1776. The opening words represented the feeling of the time:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are _____________( 1 point), that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are ___________( 1 point), Liberty, and _________________________( 1 point).
Jefferson also listed unjust acts of the king. It described his rule as oppressive. Define oppressive (2 points):