Tuesday, September 13, 2011

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow developed a hierarchy of human needs based on two groupings: deficiency needs and growth needs.

Within the deficiency needs, each lower need must be met before moving to the next higher level. Once each of these needs has been satisfied, if at some future time a deficiency is detected, the individual will act to remove the deficiency.

According to Maslow, an individual is ready to act upon the growth needs if and only if the deficiency needs are met.

The first four levels are:

1) Physiological: hunger, thirst, bodily comforts, etc.;
(Recent studies showing one in four children in America don't get enough to eat, free and reduced lunch programs getting cut- Baraboo School District)



2) Safety/security: out of danger;

(Domestic Violence in the home)
Estimates range from 960,000 incidents of violence against a current or former spouse, boyfriend, or girlfriend to 3 million women who are physically abused by their husband or boyfriend per year.

(U.S. Department of Justice, Violence by Intimates: Analysis of Data on Crimes by Current or Former Spouses, Boyfriends, and Girlfriends, March 1998. The Commonwealth Fund, Health Concerns Across a Woman’s Lifespan: 1998 Survey of Women’s Health, 1999)

3) Belongingness and Love: affiliate with others, be accepted; 
(Bullying...LGBT students) 
Key Findings of the 2009 National School Climate Survey include:

•84.6% of LGBT students reported being verbally harassed, 40.1% reported being physically harassed and 18.8% reported being physically assaulted at school in the past year because of their sexual orientation.

4) Esteem: to achieve, be competent, gain approval and recognition. (Media, Culture)
Research indicates that exposure to images of thin, young, air-brushed female bodies is linked to depression, loss of self-esteem and the development of unhealthy eating habits in women and girls

Growth Needs:
Self-actualization: to find self-fulfillment and realize one's potential; and

Self-transcendence: to connect to something beyond the ego or to help others find self-fulfillment and realize their potential.

More information:

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