Saturday, November 17, 2007

Body Image (Resources and Discussion Questions)

APA Report: Sexualization of Girls - Depression, Anxiety
APA - "Rumination" Not so good...
Reviving Ophelia Questions (Video)http://www.mediaed.org/videos/MediaGenderAndDiversity/RevivingOphelia This is an assignment for all Psych students. You may post your answers online or give them to me on a separate piece of paper. Assignment due: Nov.27
1. According to Pipher, how is the media toxic to both boys and girls?
2. Briefly discuss the psychological implications of this.
3. What advice does Pipher provide girls for combating the barrage of cultural negativity they are confronted with (especially from the media)?
4. What advice does Pipher give boys with regard to their relationships/friendships with girls?
If you enjoyed this video, I recommend the book, Reviving Ophelia by Mary Pipher. You may also enjoy the book, Ophelia Speaks by Sarah Shandler.
Ophelia Speaks
Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls
Jean Kilbourne's book, Deadly Persuasion, an excellent resource on the toxicity of the media and body image http://www.jeankilbourne.com/lectures.html
New York Times Article Detailing the 1998 Figi Study - Women and Body Image - Before and After the Introduction of Television

29 comments :

Tiffany said...

1. It shows them how famous people look and what the "look" SHOULD be, not really showing you that it's okay to look how you want.
2. It tells them girls need to dress like whores and they need to be sexually oriented and active. It tells boys that they should take charge over girls and do what they want.
3. She advises girls to have very high morals and to stay with it. Girls shouldn't have to give up what they believe in or change how they dress for someone else.
4. She advises boys not to pressure things and to set morals for themselves and not to take charge over the girls. Girls are easily pressured but that is not to take advantage of.

A Stenli said...

1. According to Pipher the media sends these vibes that girls are supposed to be beautiful, and skinny. They are supposed to wear designer clothes. Boys on the other hand, are supposed to be tough, emotionless, strong, and they cannot show any sign of feminism. If boys or girls do not show the traits that the media portays either of them to have, they are not accepted, and they are ridiculed.

2. Basically boys and girls think that they have to be a certain way, they have to be accepted by everybody else. They lose their sense of individuality. If they are not a certain way they become depressed and this may lead to self loathing. For example, a girl may become anorexic because she thinks that she has to be a certain weight to be accepted. She should really be focusing on staying healthy.

3. Pipher encourages girls to be more confident about who they are, and to accept their body and not let it pressure them into harmful decisions. They have to know and believe that everybody is different. Everybody should have their own values about how they should be and not somebody elses.


4. Pipher tells the boys that they should not be focused on how pretty/ beautiful their girlfriend is. They should be complimenting their girlfriend on something other than the way she looks, for example, her personality. If they compliment her on her looks this tells her that her boyfriend cares about looks and that is what is important to him.

Cat said...

1) The media sets up impossible standards that dictate what teens "should" look like.
2) In real life teens don't look like what the media "says" they should and in many cases it provokes feelings of worthlessness and sometimes depression.
3) She advises that girls stick to their morals and discover who they really are.
4) She advises that boys not give in to cultural pressures to be physically intimate if they aren't ready for that step.

taylor said...

1--Hmmm…..according to Pipher how is the media toxic to both boys and girls? That’s a very good question. I’ll be honest with you; I don’t remember what she said about that. But I’ll see what I can come up with. I guess the media gives both girls and boys images of what the ideal boy or girl is supposed to be like. According to the media guys are supposed to be big, strong, and athletic, and girls are supposed to be skinny and pretty.

2--I guess the media causes both girls and boys to feel a little crappy about themselves if they don’t look or act like the media says they’re supposed to.

3—Ummm….she probably tells them to set rules for themselves and stuff like that. Just because people on TV are doing something, it doesn’t mean they have to. She probably tells them not to sacrifice their beliefs or morals.

4—Her advice for guys should be similar to what it is for girls. They should decide what’s right for them based on their morals and beliefs, and they should make sure not to compromise that based on any sort of pressures.

Jared said...

The media sets an image that it tells everyone they should try to be like but it is almost impossible to become that image.

Girls are told to dress in sometimes questional ways and makes them all look a certain way. Guys are supposed to be tough and in charge.

She suggests girls to become active in things like sports and to set their own standards.

She tells guys to set better standars and not to take advantage of a girls vanurablitity.

Colton said...

1) The media makes people think that a certain type of physique or way is right. People think they need to follow that and live up to that criteria.
2) People think they need to live up to those expectations. They think that if they don't they won't be as popular or as wanted as the girls that do.
3) She tells them to be themselves and not really care what other people say. They are who they are and they don't need to change to get the approval of others.
4) She tells them to compliment girls. Girls easily think that if they don't do what others do that that will not make them as good. Guys just need to let off and let the girl be who she is. Don't put them down about weight or appearence or anything.

M. Muth said...

1. The media shows how girls have to be beautiful, skinny, and dainty. The boys are supose to be manly, tough, lean, fierce-looking, emotionless, and must not show any signs of weakness.
2. This is a very bad thing. This causes depression. Both girls and boys think they have to be what they see in the media. Some girls have starved themselves to look skinny, unlike boys who prolly work out til their bodies drop dead in exhaustion.
3. She encourages girls to be more confident and she tells them not to be pressured by what they see in the media. Everyone is different and thats what makes people special. Accepting who and what you are is the greatest challenge girls face.
4. Boys have an act for judgeing a girl based on her looks. Boys should try to see whats on the inside rather than the outside. This could fall under the old saying, "You can't judge a book by its cover", this same old saying applies to girls. Boys should get to know a girl's personality rather than focus on her looks.

Maggie said...

1. The media doesn’t give kids the chance to develop normally. Kids are shown images of people who seem to be “perfect” and they want to be like them; girls want to be as skinny as possible and boys feel like they have to work out more. The media make them feel bad, they’re not content with their bodies anymore as they should actually be. Boys are also supposed to be emotionless and strong.
2. Boys and girls feel like they have to look good, they have to be wanted by others and like their values come from their sexual behavior or appeal. The character seems to be unimportant and especially girls are reduced to objects, which gives boys the impression that they have power over the girls.
3. Pipher tells girls to have life goals. She also says that they should accept their bodies because everybody is different, and that not only their looks but rather their character is important. They shouldn’t want to be someone they’re not.
4. She says that boys and girls should build up normal friendships, not only relationships. This way they can learn how to treat and respect each other. She also tells boys not to compliment only on the girls’ looks or body but rather on their intelligence or character, so girls can learn that they’re not only seen as an object and judged by their looks.

Bradie said...

1. The media is toxic to both boys and girls because it creates this big fake image of how you "should" look, or need to look to be popular/attractive.

2. Kids will feel the need to be as perfect as the people that are in the media, Tv, etc...this can be very harmful because the people in the media aren't your average person...

3. Pipher advice is to be your own unique person, and not fall into the trap of the media.

4. Pipher says boys should not compliment girls to much on their appearance because it is a double edged sword. Yes, you are giving them a compliment, but you are also reinforcing the fact that appearance is a highly valued thing to society...therefore putting more stress and pressure on the girls...

eRiC said...

1. It creates a fake image as to what young men and women feel they should resemble. Children will try very hard to look like these unrealistic gorgeous people or the will gain a lot of negativity about themselves.
2.Children will feel like they will have to look like these television stars. This is bad because the average person doesnt look like this. When Children start trying to look like tv stars bad things can happen like eating disorders. Other bad things that can happen are kids feeling very bad about the way they look and getting into a terrible stage of deppression. It is very hard for chuildren to have fun and be happy when they are constantly worried about not looking lioke the perfect beautiful person.
3.She tells them to not be sucked into the idea that tv is beautiful. She wants them to know that who you are is who you should be. Trying to be like someone your not is just going to make you feel deppressed because you may never look the way you want, and this can wear on your mental feelings hardcore.
4.She tells them to not make remarks about womens appearances. She says that saying something like "I would never date a girl like That" can cause the girl your with to think " Oh I cant ever look like that" and that will affect the girl your with. She will always be worried about looking the right way for guys to like her. So instead you should comment on someones good personal qualities.

bruce said...

1.the media shows adults and exspects teenage girls to look that way and when they dont they say there ugly.
2. it tells them girls and boys need to be popular and be like what everyone likes.
3. she says that girls should be more confident in who they are and jnot to try and change.
4. she tells the boy they should not just be focusd on how pretty a girl is but how smart or funny.

Lea Hansen-George said...

4th period, if you have time, check out the Seasonal Affective Disorder post.

Also, if you visit any links, let me know what you thought in the comment section. I read these. Thoughtful comments earn you extra credit points!

Katy4 said...

1. The media teaches girls that they need to be super skinny to be valued and it teaches guys that they need to be aggressive and unemotional to be good men.
2. The media causes teenagers to have a low self esteem and causes eating disorders, especially in girls. The media is psychologically damaging to both boys and girls by giving them unrealistic expections of looks and behaviors.
3. Pipher encourages girls to focus on things other than looks. She says that finding a sport team can help a girl understand her body better and help her appreciate the way she was made and looks.
4. Pipher's advice to guys in relationships was to not compliment girls on their looks, but on other things.

Jessie said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
morgan4 said...

1. Boys learn from the media that it is not socially acceptable to show emotion. Boys have to stay tough at all times no matter what. Girls learn that they have to look a certain way for people to like them (size 2).
2. It tells boys and girls that they have to act or look a certain way to be "popular" or well-liked.
3. She suggestst that girls have high morals and try to keep high self-seteem, and stay true to their beliefs.
4. Boys should give girls compliments that don't have something to do with the way they look.

Ethan4 said...

1. The media is toxic to both boys and girls because it creates this image of how kids should look in order to look attractive.

2. Kids will feel the need to be as perfect as the people they are watching on television... the bad thing is, is that the television people aren't average people like you and me.

3. Pipher advice is to be who you are and not somebody your not.. Everyone is unique in their own shall I say interesting way.

4. Pipher says boys should not compliment on a girl's appearance. It makes it seem to the girl that all guys are interested in are their appearance and not on their personality or intellect. This makes girls do things that they shouldn't like not eat, putting a risk to their bodies health, thus putting a lot of pressure on a girl to look the way you want them to look. Like I said before girls are beautiful in their own way, even though looks are a plus, a nice personality and an amazing intellect is one of the most admired things a relationship can have.

Jessie said...

1. Boys are taught to be buff, masculine, and show no emotion except for anger. Girls are shown super-thin models and told they are ungly, and fat. Society has got its priorities mixed up!
2. Boys eventually grow up to be men, and these men date women. Abuse, psychological,emotional, and physical could come about. Plus, they won't be able to handle their feelings. Girls can develop eating disorders, or even things like OCD while trying to keep up with the pressures of the media.
3. Pipher recommends that girls try to ignore the ads and not give into pressure, and to be healthy and learn to accept themselves. She also says that girls should stick to their morals, and nto do things that they'll regret.
4.Pipher tells boys to be gentlemen, and to not pressure girls to do things they dont' want to. She also says to accept them, because girls don't need anymore socialization in their lives. She encourages them to compliment not only on looks, but personality and accomplishments.

Noelle4 said...

1. The media teaches girls that they are only valued for their looks and sexuality. They learn at an early age that if they do not conform to the media's representaion of "beauty," that they will never be worth anything to anyone. The media is also toxic to young boys becausre it teaches them violence and agression, and also to objectify women.

2. Becuase young girls are highly impressionable, and will feel bad about themselves and their appearances, which may lead to depression and/or eating disorders. As for boys, this causes them to not know how to treat women and also other people in general, and carries on the vicious cycle of abuse, sexism, violence, and lookism.

3. Pipher says that girls need to set goals for their life and be deytermined to meet them. They need to "rise above" the negative influence of the media and embrace both their own femininity and androgyny, along with their natural beauty and sense of self.

4. Pipher says that boys should treat girls well, and show them that they are valued for more than just their sexuality.

Colt4 said...

1 & 2. The way the media portrays men and women, affects the psyche of boys and girls, causing them to develop bad habits. The media basically tells them that THIS is the way to look and act. Girls can develop eating disorders, compulsions, and other negative traits. Boys learn to resort to violence when angry, keep their feelings inside, and are desensitized. They believe that this will make them accepted by society.
3. Pipher advises girls to be themselves and not change how they act and look. They should have morals and not be pressured into doing things they don't want to.
4. Pipher advise for boys is similiar to girls, but slightly differant. She says the boys should not give into meida temptations and act like something their not. She says when it comes to relationships/friendships with girls, to not focus on their appearance, but on who they are inside and not what they look like on the outside. She warns not to take advantage of girls, be dominant ove them, or force them to do anything they don't want to.

James 4 (NightShade) said...

~(1)~ It Is Toxic To Girls because They Will Feel Bad For The Way They Look And It Is Bad For Boys Because They Will Think They Have To Be Tough Through Hard Times And Be Violent All The Time.

~(2)~ It Can Make the Children Think That They Are Ugly If They Are Not The Way The Media Depicts Them And Can Lead Them To Depression, Suicide, And Other Negative Forms Of Thinking.

~(3)~ She Tells Them To Neglect What The Media Wants Them To Be And Be Themselves. That Way We Will Annihilate The Stereotypes Of Women As Being Childish And Sexual.

~(4)~ They Should Compliment The Girls On How Smart They Are And Don’t Try To Say They Are Ugly Or Other Degrading Remarks And Things Like That…We Do Not Want Society To Be Based on The Emotionless Skinny Blonde Women Only, Because That Is Horrible To Think That.

Steve4 said...

1) The media brainwashes people to think that a certain way of physique is right. People think they need to follow that and live up to that criteria.

2) The girls are told to dress in sometimes questional ways and makes them all look like a little nice school girl and guys are supposed to be tough, in charge and solve everything the hard way.

3)She advises that girls stick to their gut and just go with it and then discover who they really are inside qand persue it.

4) Pipher tells the boys not to pressure any situations and to set moral goals for themselves and not to take charge over all the girls.

Nathan said...

1. The media makes both boys and girls feel like they arn't as good looking as the actors and actresses in movies and shows on tv.

2. It confuses the way that boys and girls veiw each other, themselves, and how they treat each other. It also conflicts with the moral values that they have.

3. Phipher tells girls that they should ignore how the media veiws them and they should try to have there own moral values and not the ones in the media.

4. Phipher advises boys to look past the physical features of girls and concentrate on who they are inside.

Grant 4 said...

1.Media today sets standards for boys and girls on what they are suppose to be in life and how they are suppose to appear.

2.Girls are suppose to dress a certain way and then they will be respected in society, with that guys are suppose to be macho and masculine. This can put alot of undue stress on children and make them feel akward or like they don't fit in.

3.Pipher says to be a unique individual and be confident in whatver you do.Don't let others judgements bring you down...

4. Well Pipher says that boys shouldn't focus on looks and appearance. For instance saying " man your hot" "I think your sexy" "she's ugly"..... These comments can be damaging and demeaning to a girl. Guys should however be good friends and be there to encourage.

Seth 4 said...

1. The media shows teenagers certain ways to be, look, and act and many teenagers feel bad if they aren't like it.
2. This may have a pshycological impact on the teenagers and may make them feel like they arent enough and that they dont fit in and are worthless.
3. Pipher tells teenage girls that they shouldnt give in to the negativety and should remain who they are.
4. Pipher says that boys should maintain being gentlemen to women and that they should repect what their morals are and not to pressure them in their favor.

ashlee4 said...

1.) the media shows boys that women are simply objects and not people, and that they're supposed to be tough, strong, and emotionless. And is shows girls that are supposed to be beautiful, thin, and have designer clothes.
2.) Pshycologically this is telling girls and boys that they have to look and act like this in order to be accepted and liked. The effect of this is that there are no more unique people, everyone is to busy trying to be just like these few "perfect" people, who aren't even perfect.
3.) Phiper says that girls should be proud of who they are as an individual and be happy with themselves and their bodies.
4.)Phiper tells boys that they should encourage the girls that they have relationships with, and to comment them on something other than their appearance.

ashlee4 said...

1.) the media shows boys that women are simply objects and not people, and that they're supposed to be tough, strong, and emotionless. And is shows girls that are supposed to be beautiful, thin, and have designer clothes.
2.) Pshycologically this is telling girls and boys that they have to look and act like this in order to be accepted and liked. The effect of this is that there are no more unique people, everyone is to busy trying to be just like these few "perfect" people, who aren't even perfect.
3.) Phiper says that girls should be proud of who they are as an individual and be happy with themselves and their bodies.
4.)Phiper tells boys that they should encourage the girls that they have relationships with, and to comment them on something other than their appearance.

ashlee4 said...

1.) the media shows boys that women are simply objects and not people, and that they're supposed to be tough, strong, and emotionless. And is shows girls that are supposed to be beautiful, thin, and have designer clothes.
2.) Pshycologically this is telling girls and boys that they have to look and act like this in order to be accepted and liked. The effect of this is that there are no more unique people, everyone is to busy trying to be just like these few "perfect" people, who aren't even perfect.
3.) Phiper says that girls should be proud of who they are as an individual and be happy with themselves and their bodies.
4.)Phiper tells boys that they should encourage the girls that they have relationships with, and to comment them on something other than their appearance.

ashlee4 said...

1.) the media shows boys that women are simply objects and not people, and that they're supposed to be tough, strong, and emotionless. And is shows girls that are supposed to be beautiful, thin, and have designer clothes.
2.) Pshysologically this is telling girls and boys that they have to look and act like this in order to be accepted and liked. The effect of this is that there are no more unique people, everyone is to busy trying to be just like these few "perfect" people, who aren't even perfect.
3.) Phiper says that girls should be proud of who they are as an individual and be happy with themselves and their bodies.
4.)Phiper tells boys that they should encourage the girls that they have relationships with, and to comment them on something other than their appearance.

Sarah4 said...

1) Look at what boys and girls are watching now a days. All you see on the television screen is Skinny hardly clothed perfect skin girls and buff manly man guys, If kids don't meet this standard they think they are screwed up.

2)It could cause depression and possibly suicide for not being able to meet the standard.

3)She says stick up for what you believe in, ex. the kissing game at the party

4)She tells them to not talk about how fat that girl is or how ugly she looks without makeup becuase that will make their significant other really self concious like that is all their boyfriend cares about.